Jawaharlal Nehru was born on 14 November 1889, also known as Pandit jawaharlal Nehru, was a great political leader and Indian statesman. He was the first Prime minister of India and also longest Serving prime minister. India His birthday on 14 November is celebrates as Children’s day; he is very fond of children, always he shows love and caring towards children and also he used to spend time with children by playing, singing, telling stories to them and etc. And children used to call him Chacha Nehru.
Education and Personal Life
Jawaharlal Nehru born in very rich family, his father name was Motilal Nehru and his mother name was Swaroop Rani. His father was a wealthy barrister and politician, Jawaharlal was educated at home by private tutors. At the age of 13 he joined the Theosophical Society. He completed his schooling from Harrow and did his Degree of Law from Trinity College, Cambridge. As Nehru said of himself at Cambridge, "In my likes and dislikes I was perhaps more an Englishman than an Indian." When he was In London he was attracted by Fabian ideas, socialism and nationalism from this time on presented his intellectual motive force. Jawaharlal Nehru returned to India in 1912 and started legal practice. In 1916 jawaharlal Nehru married to Kamala Kaul; they had only one child called Indira priyadarshini.
Nehru Role in Indian Independence Movement
Congress's annual session was held in Lahore in December, 1929 and Jawaharlal Nehru was elected as the President of that Congress Party. At the time of that session, a resolution demanding India's independence was passed and Jawaharlal Nehru developed free India flag on 26 January 1930 in Lahore, In 1930 Mahatma Gandhi gave the call for a Civil Disobedience Movement. The movement at last forced the British Government to acknowledge the need for major political reforms and was ultimately a big success.
When the British announced the Government of India Act 1935, Nehru was elected to the Congress presidency in 1936, 1937, and 1946, and came to occupy a position in the nationalist movement second only to that of Gandhi. Jawaharlal Nehru was arrested in 1942 during the Quit India Movement and he released in 1945, he handled a leading part in the negotiations that culminated in the emergence of the dominions of India and Pakistan in August 1947, resulting in the Partition of India.
Jawaharlal Nehru became the first Prime Minister of India at independence on 15 August, 1947 that day Nehru raised the India Independent Flag. He passionate the advocate of education for Indians he believes that it very needful for India's future progress. He also established educational institutes including the All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS), the Indian Institutes of Management (IIM) and the Indian Institutes of Technology (IIT)
The Books Written by Jawaharlal Nehru
- Glimpses of World History.
- The Discovery of India,
- An Autobiography (Jawaharlal Nehru)
- Jawaharlal Nehru died on 27 May 1964.